STT component imparted at PMKVY Training Centres (TC) is expected to benefit candidates of Indian nationality who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed. Apart from providing training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), TCs also impart training in soft skills, entrepreneurship, financial and digital literacy. Upon successful completion of assessment, candidates are provided placement assistance by training providers.

The Short-Term Training (STT) shall be implemented under both Central and State component of the scheme. STT shall have provision for both fresh skilling for trainees who are first time learners and reskilling for the trainees/existing workforce who have already undergone formal/informal skilling and need additional skill sets

Apart from providing training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), additional training shall also be imparted in English, Employability & Entrepreneurship (EEE) modules. Process shall be initiated for imparting add-on Bridge courses and language courses for making schemes compatible to international standards and requirements. This will enhance the potential for international employment of the Indian youth

Duration of the training shall vary as per job role

The scheme shall promote fee-based courses in higher level skills and courses that are NSQF level 5 and above. Review of the courses under PMKVY 3.0 shall be carried out for introducing fees in popular courses with higher industry demand and above average wages. However, PMKVY 3.0 would continue to support weaker and marginalized sections of the society

Target Beneficiaries:

This scheme is applicable to any candidate of Indian nationality who:

  • Is aged between 15-45 years
  • Possesses an Aadhaar card and an Aadhaar linked bank account
  • Fulfils other criteria for the respective job role as defined by the awarding body

Identifying the Skill Gap

A skill gap study in the short-term shall be initiated by NSDC/SSC in coordination with industries and SSDM/DSC, to identify the manpower requirements in the various sectors of the economy and the skill sets required for the respective job roles

A District-level Skill Development Plan (DSDP) shall be prepared by the DSCs under the guidance of SSDMs. SSDMs will compile the DSDPs to create a State-level Skill Development Plan (SSDP), which shall be shared with MSDE

A composite National Skill Development Plan (NSDP) shall be prepared basis the SSDPs and the skill-gap study by NSDC/SSC. A comprehensive job role matrix as a part of NSDP shall form the basis of demand-based target allocation


One of the major impediments of skill development in India is the lack of aspirations among the youth for skilling. It is important that prevailing information asymmetry is removed and unbiased counselling is provided so that needy and motivated youth are encouraged to join the skilling movement. Hence, multi-layered information/counselling ecosystem is proposed in PMKVY 3.0. This structure shall include the following:

Online information/counselling platform – Relevant information regarding the job roles/sectors, online psychometric test, livelihood opportunities post training, career progression profiles, information on Training Centres including the rating of the centres and options for registration shall be made available through this portal

Through Counselling Helpline – A voice/chat- based information desk/counselling helpdesk shall be created

Through District-level Skill Information Centre – For better outreach, District-level Skill Information/Service Centres under the aegis of DSCs shall be created (at least one in each district to start with, where an existing institution would be equipped to act as a counselling centre) where prospective beneficiaries can get necessary information regarding skill gaps/requirements in various sectors, location of the Training Centres, present employment opportunity, market relevant job roles and avail counselling sessions

All the above activities shall be supplemented by an extensive media campaign to sensitise and create awareness

Registration of Candidates and Formation of Batches:

PMKVY 3.0 (2020-21) is trainee-centric scheme and therefore, candidates shall be encouraged to self-register on a portal/app on the choice of the job role and Training Centre. However, in case that is not possible DSCs/SSDM/TP shall enable them for registration

Once the counselling of the candidate is complete, the candidate will provide preferences for trades / courses out of the identified list for the district / state. The candidate shall also provide the preference for district / place of training. Aadhaar will be mandatory for this registration

Post registration, in case of Target Allocation Process 1, DSCs will prepare a long list of candidates which shall not be less than 1.5 times the target allocated to the district. Once the Training Provider is identified under this model, this list of registered candidates shall be shared with Training Providers for further short-listing and enrolment

In case adequate candidates for batch formation for a job role/Training Centre are not available for registration, the Training Provider can mobilize, counsel and register for the shortfall number

In case of demand-based target allocation or Target Allocation Process 2, the identification of Training Providers is dependent on the job roles demanded at district-level. Here, the long list of candidates whose preferred job roles are not covered under Target Allocation Process 1 shall be prepared and shared with NSDC/SSDM at the earliest for selection/identification of Training Providers who in turn will shortlist candidates for batch-wise enrolment

Each stakeholder mentioned above shall be facilitated for using IT enabled platforms. Trainees, Training Providers, SSDM, DSCs, SSC and MSDE will be given a dedicated login credential to access the Skill India Portal. Entire candidate life cycle from registration to placement would be captured and monitored under Skill India Portal

It is envisaged that DSCs shall access the course information of not only PMKVY but also for all other skilling schemes operational in the district. A consolidated database will help DSCs to recommend the most suitable course to the candidate in case same is not available under PMKVY. This consolidated database shall also enable DSCs to get on-ground support through the IT system. The integrated Skill India Portal will provide unified and assimilated training information on real-time basis

Training of Candidates:

Training shall be done in accordance with the following:

Job roles which have been approved by National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET) and are compliant to NSQF

Job roles which are NSQF level 3, 4 and 5. Other NSQF level job roles may be considered basis approval from Executive Committee/Steering Committee. Any exceptions may be considered in case of person with disabilities (PwD), special groups with the approval of the Executive Committee

Job roles aligned with the identified skill gaps captured in the skill gap study

Job roles having the potential of employment – wage and self

The training hours will be as per the approved hours of NCVET. The approved training hours of the job role should be less than 600 hours excluding hours allocated for EEE. Covid-19 related modules also to be a part of the training hours

The model curriculum and content for the respective Qualification Packs (QPs) should be in place and preferably developed by awarding bodies (including SSCs)

Add-on bridge courses and language courses for making schemes compatible internationally shall also be planned to provide international employment opportunities to the Indian youth

It is mandatory for the candidates to have an Aadhaar ID during the enrolment process. It is also mandatory for the students to maintain 70% attendance to be eligible to appear in the assessments

All candidates must be provided with the participant handbook along with the induction kit

Use of digital content to supplement classroom training shall be encouraged. NSDC shall curate the digital content on e-Skill India portal (

The training program shall be conducted as per the social distancing and hygiene guidelines/Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) issued by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) and Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)

Details of the training program shall be communicated by the DSCs and the Training Provider to people’s representatives such as Member of Parliament and Members of Legislative Assembly

Additional support to improve the outcome of the scheme shall be provided to the candidates, including special groups in the form of:

  • One-time incentive to all certified candidates
  • Boarding and lodging cost support
  • Conveyance cost
  • Post placement stipend
  • Additional support to PwD candidates
  • Accidental insurance
  • Induction kit and participant handbook
  • Yearly incentive to Training Provider
  • One-time placement travel cost
  • Career progression support
  • Special incentive for foreign placements
  • Post placement tracking allowance

Assessment and Certification of Candidates:

The assessment and certification process shall be strengthened and reformed in coordination with NCVET

The skill assessment is the prime responsibility of the SSC/Awarding Bodies and is conducted by an empanelled third-party organization called as Assessment Agency (AA)

Following methods will be adopted to increase quality of assessments and transparency in assessments:

  • Assessment & certification will be the responsibility of NCVET approved Awarding Bodies and Assessment Agencies
  • Online assessment system and proctored assessment will be prioritized for theoretical and practical assessment (wherever possible)
  • As far as possible, endeavour will be made to establish Common Assessment Centres (CACs) to ensure quality and transparency during the assessment process. The CACs shall be responsible for hosting assessments as per the requirements laid out by the Awarding Body/SSCs

Assessment fees – Assessment fees shall be funded under the scheme

2nd chance shall be provided to unsuccessful candidates under STT who have > 70% attendance. Assessment fees for these candidates shall also be paid under the scheme

Certificates shall be made available to the candidates in digital form

Placement and Post Training Support:

Facilitation of wage employment/self-employment/apprenticeship shall be provided to the certified candidates under the STT component of the scheme

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra’s (PMKKs) shall act as nodal centres at districts for providing self-employment support. The schedule of activities related to placements shall be circulated to DSCs for wider publicity

Training linked to captive placements (training and placement within the same industry) will be promoted under the scheme

Training Partner shall work in coordination with DSC/SSDM for placement of the candidates. NSDC and SSC shall actively support in this process

Rozgar Melas to be organized on regular intervals at district and regional level by TP/DSCs/SSDMs/SSCs for placement and apprenticeship

Post training linkages with apprenticeship (registration support on apprenticeship portal) for certified candidates shall be provided

A three-month placement/self-employment monitoring shall be done by Training Providers, DSCs, SSDMs

All certified candidates shall be on-boarded onto ASEEM portal seamlessly to make them available to potential employers at click of a mouse

Post placement verification shall be done by NSDC and DSC for central component and SSDM and DSC for state component of the scheme

Monitoring and Supervision:

Monitoring and supervision shall be done at various levels to ensure quality outcome. SSDM and DSCs shall be roped in along with NSDC for concurrent and continuous monitoring and supervision of the scheme including post placement. Monitoring would be done via technology driven interventions as well as physical inspections for transparency and scalability.